Rosacea is a long-term skin condition that affects over 16 million people in the country, most of whom are middle-aged women. Although it’s not a life-threatening disease, living with rosacea can cause distress among many. In most cases, it affects the skin on the nose, cheeks, and forehead. This skin problem is often characterized by tiny, red, pus-filled bumps that appear on the skin during flare-ups, which occur in cycles.
Types and causes
The American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) has classified rosacea into four main types:
- Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea (ETR): This type is characterized by redness and flushing of the skin with dilated blood vessels in the center of the face. For some, it can result in the skin becoming sensitive and swollen, while it becomes dry, rough, and scaly for others.
- Papulopustular rosacea: This is associated with redness, swelling, and acne-like breakouts. It can also result in the affected person having oily and sensitive skin, with broken, visible blood vessels.
- Phymatous rosacea: It’s a rare type that mostly affects men and results in the thickening of the nose skin. It causes a person’s skin to develop a bumpy texture, large pores, and visibly broken blood vessels, and they may also have thick skin on the chin, forehead, cheeks, and ears.
- Ocular rosacea: All symptoms of this type are centered around the eye area. This includes bloodshot and watery or dry and itchy eyes, diminished vision, cysts on the eyes, broken blood vessels on the eyelids, and a burning or stinging sensation in the eyes.
The exact causes of rosacea are yet unknown, but experts suggest that it mostly affects people with fair skin. Abnormalities in facial blood vessels and a family history of the condition contribute to developing it, and several factors can make this skin problem worse. These include extreme temperatures, vigorous exercise, and certain emotions like stress, anger, and embarrassment.
There’s no specific treatment that can cure this skin problem, and treatment can only provide relief from the signs and symptoms of rosacea. A combination of lifestyle changes and medications tends to provide good results, so a doctor is likely to prescribe topical and oral medications.
- Topical creams are applied to the skin once or twice a day and help reduce redness and inflammation. They are often combined with oral antibiotics with anti-inflammatory properties to provide quick results.
- Laser treatment is typically recommended for people with visible blood vessels, which is also called spider veins. It uses intense pulse light to diminish the redness caused by blood vessels.
Another effective treatment method for this skin problem is to manage its symptoms, as they can aggravate if one is not cautious. It is advisable to wash one’s face with gentle cleansers and oil-free, water-based products and stay away from skincare products that contain alcohol, menthol, witch hazel, and exfoliating agents. Keeping a note of the food one eats and the cosmetics they use can help them figure out what makes the condition worse. Other potential triggers that should be avoided include stress, sunlight exposure, extreme weather conditions, certain types of spicy foods, and alcohol and hot beverages.
Foot pain – their types and causesRead More
The problem with foot pain is that it affects mostly adults at any given time. There can be many sources of pain and they can be difficult to describe. This makes it difficult and challenging for healthcare professionals to get to the root of the pain. Different type of foot pain is caused due to different conditions.
Plantar Fasciitis or heel pain is one of the common foot problem and it has many causes. The most common cause of heel pain is plantar fasciitis which is inflammation in the plantar fascia. Plantar fascia is a tight band of tissue that forms the arch of the foot. Plantar fasciitis is usually painful when a person first steps out of bed in the morning. Although it improves with movement, a dull pain often persists which fades away as the day progresses.
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
It is the foot pain caused by a pinched or an irritated nerve. Irritated nerve is a condition in which a nerve gets irritated due to surrounding structures, such as muscles. In this condition, a person may experience shooting, burning, aching, numb, or tingling pain that radiates from the inside.
Also called as ball of the foot pain, it is a sharp pain in the area of the ball of the foot. The pain of metatarsalgia feels like a person is stepping on a stone. It is usually eased by sitting down. Though it can be worsened by walking barefoot. Metatarsalgia is often caused by faulty foot functioning, overuse, or a decreased fat pad on the sole of the foot.
It is one of the common foot nerve problem. It causes shooting or burning pain between the toes. This is caused due to over pronation and/or wearing tight shoes can be associated with this condition.
It is the breakdown of cartilage within a joint from physical wear and tear. The joint damage worsens as the cartilage is worn out further and the bone spurs surrounding the joint. The person may feel pain at the ankle joint due to lack of mobility. The other less common forms of arthritis can cause foot pain includes gout, rheumatoid, and psoriatic arthritis, and lupus.
Corns and calluses
Calluses are the thickened areas of the skin over the parts of the feet that experiences maximum amounts of pressure and friction. Corns occur on the toe where they rub against the shoe. A tiny callus or corn can cause intense pain because it extends deep into the layers of the skin and presses on the nerves.
How to identify LupusRead More
Lupus is an autoimmune disease. When the immune system becomes hyperactive the immune system starts attacking body parts itself causing inflammation and destruction of tissue. Autoimmune diseases are characterised by periodic flare ups and remissions. What is usually called lupus is medically known as Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. As the name indicates it can affect any of the body systems and organs in them and it is the most virulent of all. Lupus affects each person in a unique way. Luckily all symptoms are not manifested by every patient; while some gets certain symptoms, the others end up getting the rest. Lupus starts innocuously, in the age group of 18 to 30 years, and looks like a myriad of common diseases.
It is important to identify it at the earliest as it is easy to manage and control it. The prognosis improves vastly and one can expect to live an active life to the full span.
An important and early feature is spells of fatigue which flares up and remits periodically. If one experiences, frequently, such spells of fatigue one should contact his doctor and the appropriate treatment sought. It has a low-grade fever of 98.5 to 101 degree F which frequently comes and goes with no discernible cause. During this stage, it throws up a characteristic butterfly shaped non-itching skin eruption across the ridge of the nose spreading over both the cheeks. Such eruptions appear on other parts of the body also. Generally, patients are photosensitive to both sun and artificial. Such eruptions generally appear prior to flare ups. As the disease progresses, the hair becomes thin, rough, brittle, breaks and falls off. Hair all over the body can get affected. The hair acquires a unique appearance and is called lupus hair. Hair regrows as treatment progresses except in places where lesions have formed.
As the disease progresses it could also attack the vital organs like lung, digestive system, kidneys, bones etc. Inflammation of the lungs causes destruction of the lung tissue as well as the blood vessels. The lungs start to reduce in size. The diaphragm moves up into the thoracic cavity and the body gradually suffers oxygen deficiency. This is called vanishing lung syndrome. All these makes breathing very painful. These pains are referred to pleuritic pains. As the disease progresses more rigorous treatments are resorted to all of which has side effects of varying seriousness. A risk benefit analysis done in selecting the treatment.
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